Tag Archives: breakfast

Hong Kong Steamed Rice Noodle Rolls, 豬腸粉


豬腸粉 steamed rice noodle rolls, Hong Kong style

豬腸粉 steamed rice noodle rolls, Hong Kong style

豬腸粉 steamed rice noodle rolls, Hong Kong style

Other than rice congee, the second item of food we always get after our flight back into Hong Kong, is rice noodles. Be it rice noodles rolls, simply served with a trio of sauces and sprinkling of sesame seeds (豬腸粉) or the steamed rice rolls at yum char with fillings such as prawns, beef mince/coriander/water chestnuts or char siu Chinese Bbq pork (蒸腸粉) . Both are made with a rice flour batter, creating thin sheets of noodles that are slightly elastic and bouncy.

Both are J’s favourite and I have promised her to write this recipe up for a while. It only took a week-long hospital stay for me to find the time to do so. Over the recent long weekend, we got to test it a few more times to make sure the quantities in the recipe are right. These reheat well and tastes just like the ones we have in Hong Kong!

Be sure to first figure out your steaming station and consider whether the size of the steaming dish will fit your steamer. Here’s a not so glamorous photo of my set up:

豬腸粉 steamed rice noodle rolls, Hong Kong style

Ingredients (makes 6-7 rice noodles)

  • 120g rice flour 粘米粉
  • 30g wheat starch 澄麵
  • 30g cornstarch 粟粉
  • 450ml water
  • pinch of salt
  • 20ml neutral oil, such as rice bran

Instructions

  1. Set up your steaming station. Find a metal tray that fits into the wok, sitting on top of a steaming rack. Oil the tray and line it with a piece of baking paper, with about 2 cm hanging over the tray on one side. Trim so that the paper sits flush to the edges of the other 3 sides.
  2. Mix all the ingredients together. Whisk the batter until there are no lumps.
  3. With the water at a rolling boil, pour about 1/4 cup or just enough batter onto the lined tray (this depends on the size of your tray). Make sure it’s very thin, barely covering the bottom is just enough. Gently spread the batter into the corners of the tray as well.
  4. Steam for 3 minutes, covered.
  5. Remove the lid, and carefully, using a pastry scraper, roll the rice noodle sheet up from one end of the tray to the other. It’s easier if you hold the baking paper slightly taunt on one side with one hand and roll/push with the other towards the opposite direction. Place on a plate and keep warm. Repeat with the rest of the batter.
  6. If you are making filled rice noodles, place fillings in the first third section of the sheet and steam for 4 minutes. Remove the lid and roll the rice noodle sheet from the filling side. (for fillings that doesn’t need more cooking, like fried dough Yau Cha Guai, simply place the filling on the rice noodle sheet after the sheet is cooked. Roll the sheet with the filling inside.
  7. Cut them into shorter pieces. Drizzle with sweet soy sauce, hoisin sauce and most importantly, sesame sauce. Sprinkle with sesame seeds (optional) and serve warm.

豬腸粉 steamed rice noodle rolls, Hong Kong style

Congee (rice porridge: 白粥) with pork and salted egg


Congee

Congee

Congee

Congee

(mum’s version always has dried scallops for added sweetness)

Congee

Congee

Congee and fried dough. 白粥油炸鬼

The story behind this dish speaks to one of the foundational dishes of the Chinese culture, which is my heritage.

Congee (pronounced as ‘jook’ in Cantonese), is jasmine rice boiled down till soft, much like porridge. There used to be a shop selling congee at every Hong Kong street, and the good ones will have queues from early in the morning.

A good Hong Kong style congee can be described as creamy with a consistency similar to a thick soup. It should neither be runny or gloopy. There is a good amount of water, yet it isn’t watery. The grains should have broken down and not be wholly visible.

This can be eaten as any meal of the day, and is our go-to when we feel under the weather or needing a bit of a detox after big meals.

The variation to the congee is in the food you add to it. Mince, chicken, squid, dried scallops, fish and fried dough… Whatever you like.

My favourite is a very simple salted pork shoulder. The pork shoulder is marinated with a generous amount of salt and Chinese wine and this is cooked in the rice congee. When it’s done, the meat is pulled apart and eaten with condiments all mixed in with the congee.

This is what my mum cooks for me whenever I was sick, whenever we’ve returned home from our travels. Since I have lived apart from my parents for the last 20ish years, it’s a dish that always reminds me of her loving care. It’s also a meal that my NZ-born daughter loves and I hope she will one day master it. Ironically it only took a week-long hospital stay for me to finally write this recipe down…

Ingredients

  • 3/4 jasmine or long grain rice
  • 6 cups of water (more to adjust thickness)
  • 1 tbsp oil
  • 1 tbsp salt
  • (or for a quick version, use left over cooked rice that has been frozen)
  • 400g pork shoulder
  • 1 tbsp chinese shaoxing wine
  • 2 tbsp salt
  • 8 cups of water

Toppings

  • Fried shallots
  • Spring onions
  • Fried dough 油炸鬼
  • Crispy fish skin
  • Seaweed paste (Japanese)
  • Salted egg 咸蛋(see recipe at the end. Duck eggs is traditionally used, but substitute with chicken eggs if you can’t find duck eggs. )
  • Preserved egg 皮蛋(preserved with a mixture of clay, ash, salt, quick lime and rice hulls for several weeks.)

Instructions

  1. Marinade meat with chinese wine and salt over night.
  2. Rinse rice and drain slightly. Place in a small bowl and sprinkle the salt over rice grains and mix in oil. Add just enough water to cover the grains. Set aside for 20 mins. This helps the grains break down faster and congee will later cook quicker (reach the right creaminess faster).
  3. Bring a large pot of water to a boil. Add the soaked rice, which should have developed cracked lines along the grains, into the boiling water.
  4. Keep it at a rolling boil for 10 minutes, stiring often. Turn it down to a medium boil, and cook for a further 5-10 minutes. The rice grains should have puffed up and slightly broken down by now.
  5. Add the meat, and let it simmer for 1.5 hours. Remember to stir often to prevent the rice from sticking to the bottom (this is easier if you have a thermos cooker or crock pot, where it keeps the hot temperature of the pot inside another capsule, so that the food continues to cook without needing to stand by the stove).
  6. Check for creaminess often, adding water if it becomes too thick.
  7. Remove pork and shred to small pieces. Set aside.
  8. Place ladles of hot congee into bowls, add shredded pork and serve with toppings.
  9. If you want to have other protein like beef slices, chicken thigh pieces, fish or squid: instead of the shredded pork, you can cook your protein towards the end. I usually have a second pot ready and when the big pot of plain congee is ready, I will scooop half of that into the second pot and cook the meat in it. That way I will always have some plain congee as the base for a second flavour.

To make Salted eggs:

  1. First find a jar that will fill 8 eggs.
  2. Remove the eggs and fill the jar with water half way.
  3. Pour the water in a pan and add enough salt to make a saturated salt solution i.e. Where it has so much salt dissolved in, it can’t dissolve anymore. That’s when you see salt crystals still appear with lots of mixing. You may need 500g salt at least.
  4. Warm the salt solution up on the stove, with 2 tea bags and 3 tbsp of shaoxing wine. Let it cool.
  5. Place eggs into jar and pour the cooled salt solution in. Make sure eggs are completely submerged with liquid and doesn’t float up. You may have to put a small plate in the hold the eggs down. Close lid and place in a dark corner or the pantry for 30 to 40 days.
  6. Cook by boiling the eggs in hot water for 8 minutes. Shell and serve with congee.
  7. The salted yolk can be used to make the glutinous wrapped parcels too.

Granola


Buckwheat granola

Buckwheat granola

Making my own granola is such a game changer and incredibly satisfying. It’s all about personalising your cereal – you can add all your favourite cereal ingredients into the mix, and leave out all the things you don’t like. Personally, I don’t like shredded coconut, but love freeze dried fruits, such as Fresh As’s raspberries. Love walnuts but not so much pecans. There’s always something in each of the prepacked options that I dont want to eat and so I’ve never been fully happy with the choices of packaged granola in the supermarket.

I also love buckwheat and recently it’s a much more commonly stocked item in the supermarkets and bulk bin shops. This isAmongst all the likes and dislikes in our family, it’s so much easier to make our own to tailor to our preferences. You can swap out any nuts or seeds from the recipe below, even the quantities listed are only a general guide, there’s no issue with changing them, so long as you add sufficient oil and sweetener to bind it. This is a good starting point as a base recipe for making granola. I will likely change it up by adding different freeze dried fruits to the mix.

To make this gluten free, omit oats and use more of other ingredients.

Ingredients

  • 1 1/2 cups raw buckwheat groats
  • 2 cups rolled oats (I used Harraways)
  • 1 cup chopped nuts or seeds (sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds, walnuts, flaked almonds)
  • 3 Tbsp linseeds
  • 3 Tbsp chia seeds
  • 1 Tbsp ground cinnamon
  • 3 Tbsp coconut sugar or brown sugar
  • 1/2 tsp salt
  • 1/2 cup maple syrup or honey (I used Noble’s)
  • 1/4 cup grapeseed, olive or avocado oil
  • 3 Tbsp nut butter (I used Nut Brothers smooth peanut butter)
  • 1/3 cup dried fruit (I used Fresh As freeze dried raspberries)
  • 1/3 cup dark chocolate chips (optional)

Instructions

  1. Preheat oven to 160C. To a mixing bowl, add all the dry ingredients, except the fruit. Stir to combine.
  2. In a small saucepan over low heat, warm the maple syrup, oil and nut butter. Stir till homogenous and pour over the dry ingredients. Mix well to ensure even coating.
  3. Spread the mixture evenly onto a baking paper-lined tray. Bake for 25-30 minutes, until fragrant and deep golden brown, stirring halfway.
  4. Let the granola cool before adding the dried fruit and chocolate (if using) . Place cooled granola in an air tight container. Serve with your favourite thick unsweetened yoghurt.

Crunchy and fluffy Belgian waffles


Crunchy and fluffy belgian waffles. Square presentation with fruit and yoghurt

These are by far the crunchiest waffles I have ever made.

The key was the yeast and also the prolonged rising time – resulting in a crisp surface and fluffy centre. They stayed crunchy for a long time too. Perfect for freezing and reheating in the toaster. This portion is good for making 6 large square waffles. Serves 12.

DSCF3937 by michtsang

DSCF3937, a photo by michtsang on Flickr.

Ingredients
3 cups lukewarm milk
12 tablespoons butter (about 120g), melted
6 tablespoons maple syrup
1 1/2 teaspoon salt
1/2 teaspoon vanilla paste
4 large eggs
4 cups plain flour
3 teaspoons instant yeast

1/2 cup milk extra

Directions

1. Combine the milk, butter, maple syrup, salt and vanilla paste in a mixer; whisk on a medium speed and add the eggs in one by one. Add in the sifted flour and yeast, whisk until combined. Lumps are fine.

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2. Pour it into a large tall plastic box, leaving room for expansion; the mixture will bubble and grow.

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3. Slightly cover with plastic wrap or the lid of the box and let rest at room temperature for at least 1 hour; the mixture will begin to bubble. Make sure the box you are using is big enough – I used a box that allows for the mixture to triple in size 😅.

4. You can cook the waffles at this point, or leave it out for another 2 hours and then refrigerate the batter overnight (covered tightly) to cook waffles the next day. They will be extra crunchy this way.

5. Just before you are ready to cook it, check the consistency of the batter. If it is very thick, add the extra 1/2 cup of milk and mix.

6. Preheat your waffle iron. I used a nordicware iron so that means heating it on the stove top. Spray with non-stick vegetable oil spray, and pour 1 cup batter (or the amount recommended by the manufacturer) onto the center of the iron, making sure it covers all spaces. Close the lid and flip over, cooking this side for at least 2 minutes until this side of the waffle is golden brown. Flip over to the other side, and cook for a similar amount of time. It took me 5 to 6 minutes for each waffle to cook.

7. Adjust the heat if it is browning your waffles too quickly. I maintained mine on a medium-high power.

8. Place on a wire rack with lots of airing space below, and leave it to cool slightly.

9. Serve with chocolate sauce or maple syrup, if desired.

Crunchy and fluffy belgian waffles. Square presentation with fruit and yoghurt
10. Perfect to freeze and reheat in a toaster when the moment of yearning for a crunchy waffle arrives.

Yield: about 6 Belgian-style (deep-pocket) square waffles.

DSCF3938

Soft Yoghurt Bread


If you want to have at least one little piece from this loaf, take my advice and make a double batch. This is because after making a single batch, about 11 small rounds, half of it disappeared within 20 minutes of it coming out of the oven. Two hungry hippos came home and gobbled them up while I was busy cooking dinner!
They said it was delish and there was a dash this morning to breakfast for the rest of the loaf.

Crunchy outside and soft within, no wonder we almost had to fight for the last piece 😉

Ingredients
100g greek yogurt
60g milk, warmed
5g yeast (1 tsp)
30g egg (about half an egg)
30g oil
275g bread (high grade) flour
15g sugar
3g salt (1/2 tsp)

Directions
1. Place yeast in the warmed milk for 5 minutes.
2. Place milk and yeast into bowl of bread machine and add yoghurt, egg and oil.
3. Add dry ingredients.
4. Mix in bread machine in ‘dough’ mode for 20 minutes.
5. Tip the dough into a slightly greased larger bowl. Shape the dough into a ball. Cover the bowl with a damp cloth or cling-wrap and leave it to proof in a warm place till double its size (about 1 hour).
6. When doubled in size, punch down the dough to release the air.
7. On a floured board, divide the dough into small portions of about 50g. Roll the dough out into a rectangle. Roll the dough up from the bottom edge. Flatten the dough lightly. Roll the dough into thirds, like a snail. Shape each portion into a smooth ball and place them into a loaf pan.

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8. Cover the loaf pan with a cling wrap and allow the dough to go for a second proofing until double its size again. I sometimes leave it in a switched-off oven which had been heated to 50C, for about 20 minutes.

9. Take the loaf pan out and turn the oven temperature up to 170-180C.

10. Egg wash the top of the buns.

11. Bake for 20 minutes until the top turns golden brown.

12. Remove bread from loaf pan to cool completely.

See how soft and pillowy they are – simply gorgeous.